Have you ever wondered why you feel like your eyes are dry, well its because they are. We will try to explain what is dry eye and how to deal with it.
Dry Eye occurs when the eyes do not produce enough tears to keep the eyes wet thus causing you to experience the symptoms of dry eye.
Symptoms may include feeling a burning sensation in your eyes, irritated, scratchy, having a feeling like something is in your eye, or in more severe cases it can damage the front surface of the eye and cause your vision problems.
Dry eye is very common, and it typically affects older adults.
What is the cause of dry eyes?
Age is the leading cause for dry eyes. Most of the adults above the age of 65 have dry eyes symptoms. Having dry eyes is normal in the later stages of adulthood.
Gender is another factor when it comes to dry eye. Studies suggest that women have much bigger chances of experiencing dry eye problems due to the hormonal changes they experience when in pregnancy, menopause or even the use of contraceptives.
Medical conditions or medication can also cause dry eye. Certain types of medicine such as antidepressants, blood pressure medications etc, can reduce tear production thus leading to dry eye. People with rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, or any inflammation on the surface of the eye, are more likely to suffer from dry eye.
Your environment can also have an effect on your eyes. Exposure to the wind, or living in a dry climate can contribute to evaporation of the tears thus causing you to experience dry eye. Staring at your computer screen or tv can also cause you to have dry eye. Staring for longer periods of time can cause you to not blink frequently making your eyes feel dryer.
How to treat dry eyes?
Dry eyes can be a serious condition so I recommend if you have experienced these problems to contact your optometrist.
If you are experiencing mild cases of dry eye symptoms then I suggest trying artificial tear drops, these can help you get rid of that irritating feeling in your eyes, and eliminate the redness in the eyes.
Increasing tear production can also help your dry eye problem. You can easily get tear production drops prescribed, you can take omega 3-fatty acid supplements.
Increasing the humidity at work or at home can also help you with this problem, blinking regularly when reading a book or staring at a screen. Try to wear sunglasses when outdoors to reduce the exposure to winds and sun. Ask your optometrist for advice about which nutritional supplements you should take in order to help you with the dry eyes. Avoid being dehydrated, this is also a huge key and is recommended to drink minimum 6-8 glasses a day.